The tainted history of using biology to explain criminal behavior has pushed criminologists to reject or ignore genetics and concentrate on social causes: miserable poverty, corrosive addictions. Criminologist believes violent behavior is biological in a new book, the anatomy of violence, adrian raine argues that violent behavior has a biological basis just like depression or schizophrenia. In addition, biological theories of behavior that involve some aspect of evolution, genetics, or heredity are discussed in terms of those scientific developments, although physical trait theories still continued to be popular. Biological explanations of criminal behavior nature and nurture contribute to the way a person behaves this can be applied to the behaviors of criminals according to fishbein (1990, pg37), behavior [is] primarily attributed to inherited predispositions and genetic influences. After reading this chapter, you should be able to recognize the importance of biological explanations of criminal behavior identify the fundamental assumptions made by biological theorists of crime causation.
The classical school and positive school were considered as early biological explanations to the development of criminal minds according to sacco and kennedy (2008, pg116) the recent biological explanations are different compared to the earlier biological explanations in several ways. Biological theories and criminal behavior biological theories address deviant behavior as a relationship between biological factors, and social norms in respect to crime the theories address behavior of an individual based upon his or her biological impact. Deviant behavior is any behavior that is contrary to the dominant norms of society there are many different theories that explain how behavior comes to be classified as deviant and why people engage in it, including biological explanations, psychological explanations, and sociological explanations.
Biological theories offer just one type of explanation of crime many other theories explain criminal behavior in social terms in this exhibit, we focus solely on biological theories, concentrating on their visual strategies. Psychological theories of crime say that criminal behavior is a result of individual differences in thinking processes there are many different psychological theories, but they all believe that. Biological explanation of crime following are some of the major biological explanations for deviant behavior cesare lombroso theory y chromosome theory william sheldon theory 10. Criminal were more likely to be criminal compared to boys with criminal adoptive parents and criminal biological parents ii however, only 1 in 4 of the boys were found to be criminal, revealing that neither genetic nor environmental factors can make criminal behavior a 'certainty.
The criminal man, in which he explained criminal behavior on the basis of biological characteristics and heredity cesare lombroso took credit for the term born criminal which was coined by his student enrico ferri, and used various physiological and cranial measurements of known criminals to identify born criminals. Gray's criminal behavior is considered a classic example of social psychological origin of criminal behavior social psychological factors are most likely more significantly influential to an individual's criminal behavior when compared to biological and sociological factors. With the biological and classical theories, an understanding of an individual's behavior will provide an insight into the mind and reasoning towards criminal behavior theories of crime the study of criminological theory is an opportunity to analyze crime through explanations for the creation of criminals and criminal behavior. Studies have been conducted that test for the criminal behavior of the adopted-away children, if their biological parents had also been involved with criminal activity in iowa, the first adoption study was conducted that looked at the genetics of criminal behavior.
Invited editorial the biological crime: implications for society and the criminal justice system adrian raine departments of criminology, psychiatry, and psychology, university of pennsylvania, philadelphia, usa. Historically, there are three broad theoretical models of criminal behavior: a) psychological b) sociological c) biological all infer different methods of control, but it is difficult to completely separate the three categories as it is generally accepted that all three of the factors play a role in the expression of behavior. Aspects of the nature and nurturing of a criminal behavior includes some problems with earlier biological explanations and some recent biological explanations which have overcome the weaknesses of the earlier ones. Biological explanations of criminal behavior nature and nurture contribute to the way a person behaves this can be applied to the behaviors of criminalsaccording to fishbein (1990, pg37), behavior [is] primarily attributed to inherited predispositions and genetic influences. Biological criminal behavior biological criminal behavior introduction people usually have the perception that crime is primarily violent crimes like the murder, which is the most severe crime society in the modern times.
Biological theories purport, that criminal behavior is caused by some flaw in individual's biological makeup according to raine study, the causes may be heredity, neurotransmitter dysfunction and brain abnormalities, which could be caused either by the first two or trauma. Many psychological theories of deviance are inextricably linked to biological conditions of the human body and mind characteristics of deviants, such as poor self-control, impulsivity, aggression. That is, it cannot tell us if the biology causes the criminal activity or if the criminal activity causes the biological differences or if something else causes both of them.
Psychological explanations of criminal behavior 1 psychological explanations of criminal behavior 2 i early explanationsa biological theoriesbr. Deviant behavior is any behavior that is contrary to the dominant norms of society many different theories exist as to what causes a person to perform deviant behavior, including biological explanations, psychological reasons, and sociological factors here are three of the major biological. Biological explanations of behavior will fall into one of four categories: physiological, functional, ontogenetic, and evolutionary normal behavior or commonsense behavior does not fall into any of these categories.